Keep Up a Healthy Diet
There’s no special meal plan for managing thyroid disease. Still, a well-balanced diet can help you feel good and ward off disease.
It’s best to follow the healthy eating guide recommended by the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists, says Jeffrey Mechanick, MD, of the American Thyroid Association.
The key to eating well is balance, he says. Don’t eat too much of any single type of food, even if it’s a healthy choice or something you heard may be good for thyroid disease. No specific foods are particularly good for it, he says, and eating too much of any food isn’t good for you.
Choose a wide range of fruits and vegetables. Eat colorful ones like berries and grapes, which are high in healthy antioxidants.
Limit foods with saturated fat, like red meat. Have seafood, which is high in healthy omega-3 fatty acids, at least twice a week.
Foods That Raise Questions
Some choices may affect your treatment or the way your thyroid works:
Soy and coffee: They may lower your body’s ability to use hormone medication.
You don’t have to avoid them entirely, but don’t eat or drink them close to the time when you take your medication. So if you take your pills in the morning, wait until later in the day to have soy sauce, soy milk, tofu, or coffee.
Kelp and seaweed: You may have heard you should stay away from these because they’re high in iodine, which can interfere with your thyroid.